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GRAMMAR

Syntax of Tolong Siki
Numrals, Ordinals & Cardinals
Masculine & Faminine Nouns
Most Common Adjectivies
Pronoun Words
Different Type of Verbs
Prepositions

 

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1.Compound Verbs:
Khan ekhna – to sleep(to shade or cool the eyes)
Khekhel erna – to spy(to look towards the earth)
Pap erba – to expect(to see the way)
Ade erba – to envy(to be squint eye)
Khol kha’ana – to take on the back, to lift, to stop
Monjra manna – to salute(to remain in waiting)
Chokh manna – to pass by, to go or to remain aside
Nari korna – to have fever(to have a flame/fire which has entered into 
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Nari ambana – the leaving of the fever
Sendra bechna – to hunt
Mukul edirna – to bow the knee(to have the knee planted)
Siba kharna – to covet, to envy
Kira sarna – to be hungry
Amm pachchna – to become acclimatized(to digest the water)
Jhara ladna – to make rice bear(to lay up rice bear)
Ekh okkna – to take shelter(to seat in the shade)
Adda erna – to look out opportunity
Dandi parna – to sing, to sing a song
Dudhi ambna – to be weaned(to leave the breast)
Dhuku korna – to become a concubine
Chambi ekna – to walk in the another’s footsteps
Ammn ka’ana – to fetch water, go for water
Name pinjna – to name(fix a name)
O’hma chodna – to be ambitious(to raise honour)
Pa’da’ he’ena – to take root(to bind the root)
Pagar lauana – to throw up a mud wall(to beat a wall of mud)
Pahi erna/khojna – to attend on guests, to be hospitable
Tina kharna – to neglect(to despise the right hand)
Umhe’ sarma – to be happy, to feel comfortable
Lether okkna – to squat on the ground
Lohari onna – to breakfast
Khadd pa’kna – to be confined, delivered of child
 
 
 
2.Nominal verbes: are formed with ‘nanna’, ‘ra’ana’, 
and ‘manna’.
 
Ube’r manna – to clear up, to shine(weather, sun)
Jokkha nanna – to compare
Hur’u manna – to stop, to make an end
Gunda nanna – to pound
Erpa nanna – to get married(to make a house)
Danre nanna – to make a sacrifice
Dumbi nanna – to slander
Billi nanna – to light, enlighten
Nalakh nanna – to work, to do work
Ochhor nanna – to shelter
Pa’hi’ nanna – to become engaged, betrotbed(to make friends or 
               guests)
Potom nanna – to wrap up
Sagai nanna – to take a second wife
Sagrai nanna – to consult the oracle
Tihra nanna – to shew, initiate
Uprar nanna – to resit
Chonan nanna – to love
Pange nanna – to clear away
Ottha ekh manna/ra’ana – to become/to be pregnant
Kira ra’ana – to be poor
Kira manna – to become poor
Urub ra’ana – to be rich
Urub manna – to become rich
Kore ra’ana – to be in good health
Kore manna – to recover health
Ukha nanna – to do dark
Ukha manna – to become dark
Amm onka ra’ana – to be thirsty
Tarka ra’ana – to be silent(to be cut or struck)
Es’a khachchna – to have done breaking
Es’a chukurna – to have done breaking
Barach khachchna – to have done coming
Barach chukurna – to have done coming
 
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3.Intensives and permissives :
 These are formed be adding the verb ‘chi’ina’ to give.’Chappna’
 also has an intesive character.
 
Hebrar chi’ina – to throw away
Tidar chi’ina – to throw down
Pitar chi’ina – to kill outright
Onar chi’ina – to eat up
Bar’a chi’ina – to allow to come, let come
Kala chi’ina – to let go
Ona chi’ina – to let drink/eat
Es’a chappna – to break quickly
Es’a chappa – break quickly
Bar’a chappnaa – to come quickly
Bara chappa - come quickly
Ka’la chappna – to go quickly
Ka’la chappa – go quickly
 
Beddna – to seek, to search
Tukkna – to desire
Era beddna – to wish to see
Era tukkna – to desire to see
Era tukiya – I desired to see
Era helerna – to begin to see
Kala helerna – to begin to go
Dharna – to hold
Dharchka – holding
Ijjkam – standing
 
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4.Appellative verbs:
Appellative verbs may be formed by conjucting nouns,adjectives and the
possessive case formof nouns.
 
E’n kurkhan – I am Oroan
E’m kurkham – we are Oroans
Nin kurkhai – you are Oroan
Nim kurkhar – you are Oroans(plural)
A’s kurkhas – he is Oroan
Nam kurkhat – we are Oroans
A’r kurkhar – they are Oroans
E’n kohan – I am great
E’m koham – we are great
Nin kohai – you are great
Nim kohat – you are great(plural)
A’s kohas – he is great
Nam kohat – we are great
A’r kohar – they are great
E’n Rnachintan – I am the Ranchi one
E’m Ranchitam – we are the Ranchi ones
Nin Ranchitai – you are the Ranchi one
Nim Ranchitar – you are the Ranchi one(plural)
A’s Ranchitas – he is the Ranchi one
Nam Ranchitat – we are the Ranchi ones
A’r Ranchitar – they are the Ranchi ones
E’n belan – I am king
E’m belam – we are kings
Nin bel khaddai – you are a prince
Nim bel khaddar – you are princes
A’s sahibas – he is a sahib
A’r sahibar – they are sahib
En gollan – I am a landlord
Donga - boat
Em urbam – we are masters
Nin jokhai – you are servent
E’n kukon – I am a boy
Nin kukko’i – you ara a boy
E’m tang khaddam – we are his children
A’s sannis – he is the little one/youngest.
A’r khokhantar – they are the last ones/belated ones.
E’n mundbharentan – I am the person who goes in front(the foreman)
E’m a’lam – we are men
Nin metai – you are man
Nim khattar – you are foreign ones
Malyan – I am not the one
Talyan – I am the one
 
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5.Adverbs of time: 
Lekham – similar
Khanem khanem – frequently, repeatedly, again and again
Pairy biri – morning time
Akhnum – knowingly
Khondrar – assembled
Akku – now(indeffnit)
Akkun – even now, just now
Onghonum – at once, immediately, instantly
Onghon – once, one day, again
Urung/ungur – once, a moment
Ikil’am – once, one day
Ikil’am ikil’am – sometimes
Ikla – what, which day
Aula – that day, then
Ikla hum mala – never
Eka biri – when, what time, then, that time
Gahri – late
Hole – then, consequently
A’ khanem – there and them, instantly
Laghlem – constantly, continually
Ulla ulla & sagarkhan’e – daily, always
Bera bera – precisely, punctually
Pali pali – alternetly
Sagar ulla – all the day
Sagar khane – always
Inna – today
Innela – now a days, lately(today and tomorrow)
Chero – yesterday
Nela – tomorrow
Horbhore – the day befor yesterday
Nelbenja – the day after tomorrow
Huinal – three days hence
Hahuinal – four days hence
Mund/mundim – previously, early, befor
Khokha – afterwards, later on
Idna – this year
Itingali – last year
Mune – two years ago
A’munne – three years ago
Diri – late
T’irna – to delay
Tiri/tere – after four days
Sadau sadau – iternally, ever
Hullonti hullo goti – from begning to end
 
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6.Adverbs of place
Iya/iyam/isan/isanim/hisan – here, even here
Ayya/ayyam/asan/asanim/husan – there, even there
Eksan – where
Chokh – side
Eksa’nim – wherever
Okkho – where
Gundi - cowshed
Ittra – hither, this direction
Attra/huttra – thither, that direction
Bendher’a and chawgurdi – around, round about
I pakkhe – this side
A’ pakkhe – that side’ Over, a cross
Innu – in this direction, this way
Annu – that way, on that direction
Kuti kuti – alongside
Chokh – side
Sagro – everywhere
Hedde/chakh’a – near
Gechha gechham – far, very far
Hadi – younder
Chaugurdi – all round
Hadi – yonder
Chham’hen – in front
Ajgo/ujgo – that straight
Ijgo – to this place 
Hujgo – to that place
 
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7.Adverbs of manner
Saint nu – accidentally, suddenly
Auhari – irregular
Khob/khobem – very much
Ajgar, dher, khara – very much, exceedingly
Kud’ha/b’rang/akai/bedor - very much, exceedingly
Bagge/baggu – much
Dher – much
Dher bagge – very much
Kor’he – morever
Korhem – very much
I bagge – this much
A’ bagge – that much
Kuna/kuni – some, a little
Tani kuna – little
Nagad kuna – nicely
Iwnda – this much
Awnda – that much
Iuru – that much
A’uru – that much
Uru’/nidi/dot’o/rot’o – only, simply, mere
Surra – easily
Seb’ram – easily
Alghem – easily
Othkha – alone, single
Otokh – alone, single
Onta onta/ond ond/ort ort – separetaly, one by one
Tile teli – by degrees, successively
Rase rase – slowly, by degress
Raft’e raft’e – slowly, by degrees
kare’ kare’ – slowly, by degrees(piece by piece)
Daw – well
Dawdim – very well
Thawkam – very well, exactly, justify
Innuho/annuho – nevertheless, in spite of(in this, in that)
Ennem – thus, in this manner
Annem – in that way
I’lekh’am – like this
A’lekh’am – like that
Manim/ujgo – truly, verily
Sithiyam – gratis, gratuitously
Begar nu – in vain
Sahje – easily
Chare – quickly
chhachhem – quietly
Dhire – slowly
Dhire dhire – very slowly
Tile – do
Hi’i certainly
Nidi – merely, only
Nekho’/nekho’e/ender akho’e – perhaps, perchance, probably
Nekh’o – who knows
Pale pale – separatly, interchangeably
 
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8.Adverbes of affirmation and negation:
Ha’i – yes
Ga’ – indeed, certainly
Anti, antije – of course
Ho – indeed, even
Janu – of course, no doubt, indeed
Mal, mala, malla – no, not
Amba – do not, not(masc.)
Ambai – do not, not(femi.)
Ambe – do not, not(femi.,plural)
Arga/argi – not, yet not

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