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Like ethnic groups, Oroans pass their time in music and dance .They use FLUTE, NAGARA & MANDAR as their musical instrument They sing folk songs in which their life style emerges. Like other tribes, Oraons like to dance, sing and play musical instruments. Their dances and songs are deeply rooted in their social and cultural life. Mandar, drums, Nagara and Dholak, flute and Mandar are the main musical instruments. They sing folk songs in which their life style emerges. Jhumur songs of Oraons reflect their lifestyle and their religious philosophy. Their songs

and dances are seasonal and festival wise, hence they sing songs according to the season. All religious ceremonies and seasonal festivals of Oraons such as the Basundhara in the month of Baishakh, Bhadri in Bhadra, Jejuti in Agrahayan, Itu in Falgun and Sarhul in Chaitra reflect the tribe's link to agriculture.  Marriage songs and dances are also different from another seasonal dances and songs. following of the dances and songs of Kurukhs : Karma,  Sharhul, Jhumar, Damkach, Bhadri, Jejuti, Itu and Jatra.

1. Karma Dance Karma festival is celebrated on Bhadrapad-Suklapaksh Ekadashi. At the Karma festival a party of young people of both sexes spend the whole festival night singing and dancing. The songs sung on this occasion narrate the legends of Karma and Dharma On the day of worship, devotees fast from morning till the next day Ė a good 24 hours. A branch from the Karam(Nauclea parvifolia) tree is planted in the middle of an dancing ground(Akhra) and the night is spent singing and dancing around it. All may be festooned with strips of coloured cloth and sham bracelets, java( new rice or wheat plants)and merry laughter of the young people encircling it, reminds one of the gift-bearing tree. Java and wheat is germinated a few days earlier and the small plants are put in a small bamboo basket and placed before the branch of the Karam Tree.  Lahsua and Khare are some of its varieties.

7.2. Jaudra Dance During the month of AGHAN & PUSA it is played in the villages at night.

7.3. Sharhul Dance Sharhul festival celebrated, when sal tree gives the flowers for the ceremony. It takes place about the beginning of April on any day when the tree is in flower.Sarhul  which is a prominent festival of ORAON canít be thought without dance . the youth of both sexes, gaily decked with the sal blossoms, the pale cream-white flowers of which make the most becoming of ornaments against their dusky skins and coal-black hair, proceed to the Akhara and dance all night. People hold together in a chain and form a circle then practise  this dance  along with music and song . Musicians with their traditional music instruments remain inside the circle .Men wear white DHOTI with red border and women wear white SARI with red border .Watching a dance group causes one to be a part of it.

7.4. Bheja Dance Dozens or more young boys and girls gather at a particular place ,form a chain by clumping hands of one another in alternate succession then perform dance following different postures with melodious traditional music and songs in a rhythm.

7.5. Panky Dance Men hold CHANWAR in hands and on their soldiers then perform dance.

7.6. Angnai Dance It is performed in the villages during any festival.

7. Jatra Dance

Jatra is the famous dance of Kurukhs. The tribe are seen to best advantage at the great national dance meetings called Jatras, which are held once a year at convenient centres, generally large mango groves in the vicinity of old villages. As a signal to the country round, the flags of each village are brought out on the day fixed and set upon the road that leads to the place of meeting. This incites the young men and maidens to hurry through their morning's work and dig up their dresses, which are by no means ordinary attire. Those who have some miles to go put up their finery in a bundle to keep it fresh and clean, and proceed to some tank or stream in the vicinity of the tryst grove; and about two o'clock in the afternoon may be seen all around groups of girls laughingly making their toilets in the open air, and young men in separate parties similarly employed. When they are ready the drums are beaten, huge horns are blown, and thus summoned the group from each village forms its procession. In front are young men with swords and shields or other weapons, the village standard-bearers with their flags, and boys waving yaks' tails or bearing poles with fantastic arrangements of garlands and wreaths intended to represent umbrellas of dignity. Sometimes a man riding on a wooden horse is carried, horse and all, by his friends as the Raja, and others assume the form of or paint themselves up to represent certain beasts of prey. Behind this motley group the main body form compactly together as a close column of dancers in alternate ranks of boys and girls, and thus they enter the grove, where the meeting is held in a cheery dashing style, wheeling and countermarching and forming lines, circles and columns with grace and precision. The dance with these movements is called kharia, and it is considered to be an Oraon rather than a Munda dance, though Munda girls join in it. When they enter the grove the different groups join and dance the kharia together, forming one vast procession and then a monstrous circle. The drums and musical instruments are laid aside, and it is by the voices alone that the time is given; but as many hundreds, nay, thousands, join, the effect is imposing. In serried ranks, so closed up that they appear jammed, they circle round in file, all keeping perfect step, but at regular intervals the strain is terminated by a hururu, which reminds one of Paddy's 'huroosh' as he 'welts the floor,' and at the same moment they all face inwards and simultaneously jumping up, they come down on the ground with a resounding stamp that marks the finale of the movements, but only for a momentary pause. One voice with a startling yell takes up the strain again, a fresh start is made, and after gyrating thus till they tire of it, the ring breaks up, and separating into village groups they perform other dances independently till near sunset, and then go dancing home."

7.8. Damkach It is a  variety of dance mainly practiced by SADANS in Jharkhand during marriage ceremony and oroans also accepted to dance domkach.

9. Other Dances: Marriage songs and dances are also different from another seasonal dances and songs. Jhumur songs of Oraons reflect their lifestyle and their religious philosophy. BhadriCelebraed in Bhadra. Jejuti Celebrated in Aghan. Basundhara is celebrated in the month of Baishakh. An another dance is Itu.

 

 A HINDI ARTICLE HERE

 

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